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Agricultural Experimental Stations and their publications: South Dakota

field of grass

Station History

South Dakota State University ExtensionThe land-grant heritage of South Dakota State University, which began with a college founded in 1881, originates from local and national legislation dating back to 1862. The Morrill Act, passed by Congress and signed by President Abraham Lincoln in July of that year, embodied a revolutionary idea in higher education. The legislation created a new type of educational institution, one to give instruction in both liberal and practical arts to people in all parts of the country who needed to work for a living. In 1889, when South Dakota achieved statehood, Congress, acting under the Morrill Act of 1862, granted 160,000 acres of land for the use and support of the “agricultural college.” By accepting this land allocation, the State had to designate the Agricultural College as a land-grant college.

In 1887, the Hatch Act established Agricultural Experiment Stations at land-grant colleges throughout the United States to conduct research and disseminate information relating to agriculture and home economics. In 1914, the Smith-Lever Act formally established the Cooperative Extension Service to extend the research and knowledge of land-grant colleges and current agricultural and homemaking information to the popel of each state. In 1917, the Smith-Hughes Act, provided for the preparation of teachers for secondary-school level instruction in agriculture, industrial arts, and home economics. By 1928 South Dakota State College had been chosen to conduct this program. In 1994 the Federal Government granted 29 tribal college (four in South Dakota) land-grant status. Tribal land-grant college extension programs are conducted in cooperation with the traditional (1862) land-grant institutions; therefore, SDSU has an on-going relationship with the tribal colleges through the land-grant linkage. As of 1923 South Dakota State College had an instructional program organized under five divisions: Agriculture, Engineering, General Science, Home Economics, and Pharmacy.

Extension Publications

Contact Information

SDSU Extension
154 Berg Agricultural Hall
Box: 2207D
Brookings, SD 57007
Phone: 605.688.4792
Fax: 605.688.6733

Historic Photographs

A type of traction sprayer used for spraying mustard and other weeds.

A successful type of traction sprayer, built for the purpose of spraying mustard and other weeds in grass fields. Image from Bulletin No. 112, 1909, March.

Cross pollinating sugar beets.

Two young men working on cross pollinating sugar beets. From Bulletin no.125. 1911, March.